Le politiche per la sicurezza alimentare e la sostenibilità nel contesto europeo e degli accordi commerciali internazionali
.pdf

Parole chiave

sicurezza alimentare
globalizzazione
sostenibilità
Unione Europea
WTO

Abstract

A partire dagli anni Novanta le filiere agroalimentari sono diventate sempre più globali e complesse, con evidenti ripercussioni anche in termini di standard e garanzie minime necessarie per tutelare la sicurezza, la salubrità e la qualità del cibo. Al tempo stesso, si è registrata una maggiore attenzione per la sostenibilità ambientale e le relazioni che intercorrono tra cambiamento climatico e sicurezza alimentare. Scopo di questa trattazione è di discutere alcuni aspetti fondamentali che sottostanno al processo di globalizzazione del sistema agroalimentare e degli aspetti specifici legati alla sicurezza alimentare, con particolare attenzione alle misure per la gestione del rischio alimentare e per la sostenibilità ambientale introdotte dall’Unione Europea.

https://doi.org/10.14276/1971-8357.2460
.pdf

Riferimenti bibliografici

Abels G. Kobusch A. Reegulation of food safety in EU. Paper presented at ECPR Standing Group on Regulatory Governance, Dublin, June 17th 2010.

Alemanno A. Gabbi S. Foundation of Food Law and Policy: Ten Yers of European Food Safety Law, Ashgate, 2014

Baggot R. The BSE Crisis. Public health and the Risk Society. In Gray P. Hart P. (eds) Public Policy Disaster in Western Europe. London Routledge, 1998

Belt And Road Initiative. www.beltroad-initiative.com

CETA, UE – Canada. Accordo Economico E Commerciale Globale. (2017), https://cutt.ly/ukWVdOb

Chaban, N. & Holland, M. (2018). Shaping the EU Global Strategy: Partners and Perceptions, Palgrave Macmillan, London.

Commissione delle Comunità Europee. White paper on food safety. Bruxelles, COM (1999) 719 Final, p.3

Commissione Europea Principi generali della legislazione in materia alimentare nell’Unione Europea. COM(97) 176, Bruxelles 30/04/1997

Commissione Europea Relazione della Commissione Europea al Parlamento e al Consiglio sull’uso di forme di espressione e rappresentazione supplementari della dichiarazione nutrizionale, Bruxelles, 20/05/2020 COM(2020) 207

Commissione europea. (2021), Green Deal europeo. Puntare a essere il primo continente a impatto climatico zero, https://cutt.ly/VjF22OO

Corte di Giustizia Europea, sentenza del 20 febbraio 1979.

Della Porta, D. (2003). I new global. Chi sono e cosa vogliono i critici della globalizzazione, Bologna, il Mulino.

EU – China Comprehensive Agreement on Investment. (2020). https://cutt.ly/6kWB39z

EU (EC) N.178/2002 28th January 2002. Laying down the principles and requirements of food law.

EUR – Lex. L’accesso al diritto dell’Unione europea, https://cutt.ly/3jPzmYc

Eurasian Economic Union. www.eaeunion.org

FAO (2001). The state of food insecurity 2001. Roma.

FAO (2008). Climate change and food security: a framework document. Roma.

Friday for Future. https://fridaysforfuture.org

Fukuyama, F. (1989). The End of History?, The National Interest, No.16, pp. 3-18.

Gabbi S. The Scientific Governence of the European Food safety Authority: Status Quo and Perpectives. In Alemanno A. Gabbi S. Foundation of Food Law and Policy: Ten Yers of European Food Safety Law, Ashgate, 2014

Hanrahan, C. E. and Schnepf, R. (2013). WTO Doha Round: The Agricultural Negotiations, The Scholar’Choice, New York.

IPCC. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. www.ipcc.ch

IPES (2019). Towards a Common Food Policy for the European Union. The Policy Reform and Realignment that is Required to Build Sustainable Food Systems in Europe. Report. Bruxelles 2019.

ISMEA (2020). Rapporto sulla gestione del rischio in agricoltura 2020. Roma.

JEFTA. UE – Giappone. Accordo di Partenariato economico. (2019). https://cutt.ly/PkWBwuh

Lepeintre J. Juanjuan S. Building Food Safety Governce in China. Project Financed by Partnership Projects of the European Union, Bruxelles, 2018

Margulis, M. E. (2016). The Forgotten History of Food Security in Multilateral Trade Negotiations, Cambridge University Press.

Moore, F. & Diaz, D.B., (2015). Temperature impacts on economic growth warrant stringent mitigation policy. Nature Climate Change, 5, 127–131.

Parlamento europeo. L’Ue e l’Organizzazione Mondiale per il Commercio. https://cutt.ly/rjSkvvZ

Pollard, C. M., & Booth, S. (2019). Food insecurity and hunger in rich countries—it is time for action against inequality. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 16(10), 1804.

Poore, J., & Nemecek, T. (2018). Reducing food’s environmental impacts through producers and consumers. Science, 360(6392), 987–992.

Ray, D. K., Gerber, J. S., MacDonald, G. K., & West, P. C. (2015). Climate variation explains a third of global crop yield variability. Nature communications, 6(1), 1–9.

Sareen A. and Mohan, N., Farmers voice disappointment, anger in Punjab and Haryana, www.hindustantimes.com, 27.1.2021.

Schmidhuber, J., & Tubiello, F. N. (2007). Global food security under climate change. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 104(50), 19703–19708.

The White House, Executive Order on Ensuring the Future Is Made in All of America by All of America’s Workers, www.whitehouse.gov, 25.1.2021.

The World Bank. Bretton Woods Monetary Conference. https://cutt.ly/IjShn5o

UNFCCC. United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. (1992). Rio de Janeiro, https://cutt.ly/MkWBOm7

Unione Europea Regulation (EC) N.178/2002 28th January 2002. Laying down the principles and requirements of food law.

Unione europea, L’Organizzazione mondiale per il commercio, https://cutt.ly/HbbjvvA

Van Der Meulen, B. M. (2013). The Structure of European Food Law. Laws, N.2/2013, www.mdpi.journal.com/laws

Verschuuren, J. (2016). The Paris Agreement on Climate Change: Agriculture and Food Security. European Journal of Risk Regulation, 7(1), 54–57.

Watkins, K. (1991). Agriculture and food security in the GATT Uruguay round, Review of African Political Economy,Volume 18, 1991

WTO, Agreement on Agriculture, https://cutt.ly/3bcjRg5

WTO, Briefing note: Agriculture issues, https://cutt.ly/xbclgXg

WTO, Briefing note: Agriculture negotiations - the bid to ‘harvest’ some ‘low hanging fruit’, https://cutt.ly/rbcliis

WTO, Food security, https://cutt.ly/Obbs79F

WTO, Regional Trade Agreements. https://cutt.ly/SjXCHRP

WTO, The Fifth WTO Ministerial Conference. https://cutt.ly/PjPLIbe

WTO, The Potential Cost of a Failed Doha Round. https://cutt.ly/xjPCyhv

WTO, Trade and food Standards, https://cutt.ly/rbUOVbk

WTO, United States. Subsidies on Upland Cotton. https://cutt.ly/zjPVISF

WTO. Advisory Centre on WTO Law. www.acwl.ch

WTO. Members and Observers. https://cutt.ly/IjXLKlP

WTO. Subsidies and countervailing measures. https://cutt.ly/rjPYdS2

WTO. The General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT 1947). https://cutt.ly/2jPkuRX

WTO. United Nations Conference on Trade and Employment, Ha-vana – Cuba, Final Act and Related Documents. https://cutt.ly/UjShVfe

WTO. Uruguay Round Agreement. General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade 1994. https://cutt.ly/6jPbaNs

Zimmermann H. & Dur A. Key Controversies in European Integration. Palgrave, 2016.

Creative Commons License

TQuesto lavoro è fornito con la licenza Creative Commons Attribuzione 4.0 Internazionale.

Copyright (c) 2021 Argomenti